63% OF SPANISH WOMEN HAVE SUFFERED "MATERNAL MOBBING".
According to data from an electronic survey of 768 mothers
The percentage rises to 89% among female civil servants who report having suffered discrimination on the grounds of maternity.
67% of female employees admit to feeling uncomfortable or worried when announcing their pregnancy at work.
MADRID, 12 JULY 2019. A 63% of Spanish women have suffered job discrimination because of their motherhood. It is one of the conclusions of the report: El ?mobbing maternal? a debate, prepared by the platform Women of the World and that collects the situation suffered in Spain by women who want to combine professional life and motherhood.
The report is the conclusion of 768 online surveys among Spanish mothers promoted by social networks. The most disturbing data is 89% of civil servants who report having felt job discrimination because of their motherhood. It is assumed that the civil service should be governed by criteria of merit and ability, but public employees, unfortunately, report another reality," says Leonor Tamayo, president of Women of the World.
Interestingly, the percentage of employed women who claim to have experienced discrimination on the grounds of maternity is much lower, although equally worrying: 571 PT1T. On the other hand, 641 PT1T of unemployed women and 501 PT1T of self-employed women reported discrimination at work on the grounds of maternity. The average is a worrying 631 PT1W1T.
The report also asks if they have felt uncomfortable or worried when announcing their pregnancy at work. The 61% answer in the affirmative, being the group of employed women the most worried with 67% followed by unemployed women with 64% and civil servants with 61%. It is unacceptable for a female civil servant with a permanent position to be worried about announcing her pregnancy," says Leonor.
They were also asked if during a job interview they had been asked about their partner and their willingness to have children. 75% of the self-employed answered yes. Nobody talks about self-employed women, but they are subjected to almost daily job interviews; lawyers, architects, professionals in general are being permanently audited on their maternity; an unacceptable harassment", says the president of Women of the World.
The group least affected by uncomfortable questions in the job interview is the group of female civil servants and in spite of this, 33% report having been made uncomfortable in the job interview. Among the employed women the percentage rises to 45% and among the unemployed women to 57%, the average being 57%. Maternal mobbing that starts from the beginning of working life is an attitude that we must definitely banish from our business culture," says Leonor.
Finally, the survey also asked whether they had encountered problems when reporting a reduction in working hours due to maternity leave. Half of them answered yes. Once again, female civil servants were above the average, with 561 PT1T of those interviewed reporting problems when requesting a reduction in working hours, compared to 431 PT1T of female employees. The government approved a Royal Decree-Law on March 1st that almost nobody knows about but which is relevant: women have the right to ask to adapt their working day or even to reduce it or to telework in order to adapt their work and family life; the company has the obligation to respond in a reasoned way to their request", informs the president of Women of the World.
The platform recalls that on September 11, 2018, the European Parliament warned about maternal mobbing, "a serious harassment that has a very negative impact on the physical and psychological health of working women precisely in their childbearing years," says Leonor. In addition, the INE shows that Spanish women would like to have more children than they have; a large part of the explanation lies in maternal mobbing. Women suffer harassment in the workplace for being or wanting to be mothers," she adds.
The platform denounces how the incorporation of women into the world of work has been encouraged, but without taking into account the female vital stages, which in the end has been detrimental to all those women who want to be mothers in Spain.
The platform announces that it will take the report to the different political parties and its intention to organize a conference in the Congress of Deputies. What we want is to make Spanish society aware of a serious problem that affects women's health, productivity and generates a demographic winter that we finally seem to have begun to become aware of," concludes the president of Women of the World.